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Beauty can cover a multitude of sins. But underneath, we all look exactly the same.
Breitkopf in "No Way Out"

Frank Breitkopf was a prolific serial killer, one-time stalker, abductor, and one-time mass abductor who appeared in the two-part Season Two finale of Criminal Minds.


Breitkopf was born the son of one Mary Louise Breitkopf, a German immigrant, and never knew his father. They lived together in an apartment in Manhattan. He was highly intelligent and for that reason, had a number of specific needs. In order to be able to afford to care for her son's needs, Mary Louise resorted to prostitution, occasionally in her own home, at which point her son witnessed the encounters. As a result, Breitkopf grew up to become a textbook sexual sadist; when his mother died (possibly at his hands), he left home, traveling around the U.S. with his trailer and killing people, funding himself with the possessions and money taken from his victims. In 1977, while he was in Golconda, Nevada, he met a young woman named Jane Hanratty and attempted to kill her. However, when she was on his makeshift autopsy table, she looked straight into his eyes and felt calm, which completely turned him off. He would later claim that he fell in love with her and regularly returned to Golconda to leave her wind chimes made out of rib bones taken from some of his victims. Whenever he stopped by, he would also have a strawberry milkshake at a local diner. The BAU is summoned to investigate him when several of his latest murders are connected.

Season Two

No Way Out

Gideon confronts Frank at the diner.

By the time the BAU investigated, Breitkopf abducts Sheriff Georgia Davis when she is assigned to watch Hanratty, whose connection had been traced to Breitkopf. He then goes to a remote diner, where he is recognized. This leads to Gideon and Morgan entering the diner to meet him and find the location of Sheriff Davis. Breitkopf is interested in Gideon's name and explains to him what it means in mythological and biblical terms. When the two agents identify themselves and demand to know where Davis is, Breitkopf calmly replies that he is going to finish his milkshake and leave. Gideon then asks Breitkopf if he would like to know how they caught him, just as police cars surround the diner. After Gideon says that a woman's suicide would have no emotional effect on Breitkopf, Davis' husband Mark bursts into the diner and threatens him with a double-barreled shotgun if he doesn't tell him where he has his wife. Breitkopf eventually issues an ultimatum after handing a bag containing a man's decapitated head to Gideon.

Breitkopf impersonating Jason Gideon, while meeting with Rebecca Bryant.

Breitkopf is led outside of the diner by Morgan and Gideon and are met by the local authorities, including Sheriff Davis, who had been found inside a trailer Breitkopf used to kill his victims. She is traumatized, having witnessed Breitkopf brutally murder a local. Breitkopf then tells Gideon that if he is allowed to get away with Hanratty, he will reveal the location of a busload of children he has abducted (explaining the decapitated head; the victim was a school bus driver). Gideon is skeptical, but eventually believes that Breitkopf would not actually harm children. Gideon drives the two of them to the desert and watches as the two share a disturbing kiss. By the time Gideon drops them off, Breitkopf tells him that the children are two miles to the west. Gideon allows them to leave, locates the children, all unharmed, and calls for support. They follow Breitkopf and Hanratty's footprints into the desert, where they disappeared. Gideon declares, "We'll find him."

No Way Out II

Breitkopf kills Rebecca Bryant.

Breitkopf reappears in the season finale at McLean, Virginia, where Gideon lives. Having accidentally lost Hanratty sometime ago, Breitkopf decides to attract Gideon's attention, killing Gideon's girlfriend Sarah Jacobs in Gideon's own apartment before calling him, saying, "What is your fascination with birds?" Before leaving Jacobs' body behind at the scene, he cuts off one of her ribs and places it in her hand to tell the BAU that he has lost Hanratty and wants her back. Breitkopf then murders Rebecca Bryant, the daughter and former hostage of budding serial killer Randall Garner and also abducts Tracy Belle, the would-be victim of young serial killer Jeffrey Charles. Gideon learns that Breitkopf is now intent on killing all of the would-be victims that were rescued by him.

Breitkopf and Hanratty jump to their deaths.

When Gideon finally locates and confronts Breitkopf in Manhattan, Hanratty appears and intervenes. Breitkopf then takes Hanratty by the wrist, tells her that he loves her, and the two jump onto the nearby train tracks. A passing train instantly kills them. Belle is rescued, but the events psychologically scarred Gideon, eventually leading to his resignation from the BAU next season.


"Were you afraid? I've never felt the feeling of fear. Apparently, I'm... incapable. Tell me, Rebecca. What does it feel like? Fear?"

The unsub is a white male aged in his mid- to late-50s, listens to Beethoven, wears a corduroy jacket with a fleece-lined collar, and is left-handed. In a right pocket inside his jacket would be a notebook containing extensive details of the torture of every one of his victims. It is essential that he sees the terror in his victims' eyes, as it is what gives him release. He either has medical training or has honed that skill over the years. He is also methodically and obsessively clean. His vehicle is most likely a mute-colored RV, neither old nor new and in perfect condition. It will have a radio, radar detectors, and a police-band radio, allowing him to evade authorities. His vehicle is also his killing room, and it will be soundproofed, have surgical instruments on the walls, and a stirrup chair or an autopsy table in it. All of his murders are recorded, if not on a camera then in a journal. He is also a textbook psychopath exhibiting all of the classic traits: incapability of feeling any empathy towards others, neither guilt or remorse, and claiming no responsibility for his actions. Like others of his type, he is highly intelligent, manipulative, and narcissistic. It is later discovered that he always travels east to west along the same highway (Interstate 80), and all of his victims were abducted and killed along his route.

Modus Operandi

Targeting random people who were unwanted in society, such as gang members and runaways, Breitkopf used ketamine on his victims to paralyze them, take them to his trailer, and place them on a metal table situated underneath a mirror (meant to allow the victims to watch what he was doing to them). He would then vivisect them and remove their organs with surgical tools. He would also dismember the victims while they were still aware and cauterize the wounds by burning them with some sort of tool in order to keep them alive for a longer period of time. After watching the victims die, Breitkopf would typically remove a single right rib bone, which he would use to make wind chimes for Hanratty. He would then dump the remains in remote areas near Interstate 80, although the bodies of his later victims were left where they were killed. In the case of Sarah Jacobs, she was targeted because of her relationship with Gideon and left her severed rib bone in her hand. He also targeted Rebecca Bryant and Tracy Belle for being survivors of unsubs apprehended by the BAU.

Real-Life Comparisons

In the Season Two Making-Of documentary, Simon Mirren states that the inspiration for Breitkopf came from the story of an unnamed man who had created a makeshift torture chamber complete with torture instruments, video cameras, and a gynecology chair. This might very well be David Parker Ray - Both were abductors and (suspected in Ray's case) prolific serial killers who abducted victims (usually female, though Breitkopf also targeted men) and brought them back to a trailer to torture them, constructed a mirror so the victim would see the violence they would suffer, drugged them into compliance, used numerous implements to torture them including bladed ones, targeted victims in the Southern United States, left them off the sides of highways, had female accomplices, and attacked girlfriends. The above-mentioned story by Mirren is very similar in concept is similar to Ray, though he isn't officially named as the inspiration.

Breitkopf may have also been based on the unidentified Jack the Ripper case - Both were prolific (possibly in Jack the Ripper's case) serial killers who were incredibly sophisticated and organized, targeted the 'unwanted'/high-risk victims (mainly women), and performed vivisection and dismemberment on their victims with bladed weaponry.

He may also been inspired by the unidentified Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run - Both were prolific serial killers and abductors (possibly in the Butcher's case) who targeted both genders, tortured and killed via dismemberment, and only left partial and badly decomposed remains behind.

Breitkopf may have also been inspired by Henry Lee Lucas - Both were prolific (possibly in Lucas' case) serial killers who had prostitute mothers who forced them as children to watch as they had sex with numerous men (molding them into sexual sadists in the process). Both later killed their mothers (possibly in Breitkopf's case), primarily targeted women (Breitkopf also killed men), killed over 100 victims (possibly in Lucas' case, who also claimed thousands), and killed their victims via violent means with bladed weaponry and dismemberment.

Breitkopf seems to be based from serial killer Ted Bundy - Both were prolific, psychopathic, organized, and sadistic serial killers who presented themselves as good-looking, charming, and non-threatening due to their physical appearance and way of dressing (which allowed them evade suspicion), mainly targeted women (though Breitkopf also killed men), took pleasure in seeing their victims' fear moments before death, mutilated them and took body parts (skulls in Bundy's case, rib bones in Breitkopf's), both managed to escape from police custody, and committed murders over a span of decades in multiple states with the possibility of many more victims and cases that were unsolved. Also, Jane Hanratty's captivation towards Breitkopf could be a nod to Bundy having attracted a following of female fans after his capture.

Known Victims

A graph of Breitkopf's known victims, grouped by age. Mary Breitkopf and the victims killed in "No Way Out" and "No Way Out II" are not included.

  • Unspecified date, New York City, New York: Mary Louise Breitkopf (his mother; presumably)
  • 1978-November 2006: 171 victims confirmed to be attacked by him, with only one survivor. They include:
    • Dates further unspecified:
      • Sharon, Pennsylvania: V. Alberts (full first name unrevealed)
      • Flagstaff, Arizona: Francine Aurora
      • Chicago, Illinois: U. Averys (full first name unrevealed)
      • Roseburg, Oregon: Evette Banner
      • Denver, Colorado: Selma Brooks
      • Brigham City, Utah: Benjamin Delherd
      • Fort Worth, Texas: Sally Hollister
      • Tuma, Arizona: Clayton Little
      • Morgana, Utah: Joan Norwich
      • San Diego, California: Muriel Waltman
      • New York City, New York: B. Wolcott (full first name unrevealed)
    • Unspecified date in 1977, Golconda, Nevada: Jane Hanratty (abducted and attempted to kill; was released when she showed no fear and then stalked for the next 20 years)
    • January 1997, unspecified location: An unidentified man (his torso was dumped in Golconda, Nevada)
  • 2007:
    • Golconda, Nevada:
      • January 17 (found):
        • Reno Rodriguez (a gang member; his torso was found)
        • Katherine Hale (a runaway; her right arm was found)
      • January 18:
        • The school bus hijacking:
          • The unnamed driver (killed)
          • Annie (the teacher; killed)
          • Fifteen unnamed children (abducted; all were rescued)
        • Sheriff Georgia Davis (abducted and tortured; was rescued)
    • McLean, Virginia:
  • Note: Given that Frank targeted unwanted members of society (such as runaways and gang members), it is possible he committed many other murders that were not discovered by law enforcement.


Breitkopf: What's your name? Come on, names are a hobby of mine.

Gideon: Jason Gideon.

Breitkopf: Jason. From Greek mythology, to heal. Gideon, a hero from the Old Testament who lead the Israelites against the Midianites. Your parents had great expectations of you. I'm Frank. Germanic, third century, derived from the name of a kind of spear. I wonder what expectations my parents had of me.

Breitkopf: (to Morgan) If I had your looks, do you know how much easier my life would be?

Breitkopf: (to Gideon, smiling) What's the psychopath got in the bag, Jason?

Breitkopf: Magic time!

Gideon: If I ever find myself feeling what you feel, I'll kill myself.

Breitkopf: Call me first, I'd love to pick your brains.

Breitkopf: (while on the phone with Gideon) What is your fascination with birds, Jason?

Gideon: Who is this?

Breitkopf: (ignoring Gideon) Paintings of birds, sketches of birds, books about birds...

Gideon: Frank, please, please don't hurt her.

Breitkopf: Birds can be extremely single-minded in their pursuits. Almost... obsessed.

Breitkopf: (to Rebecca Bryant) Did you know recent studies into female rape victims found a high proportion of them, later in life, are raped again?

Bryant: No, I wasn't raped.

Breitkopf: (ignoring Rebecca) It's almost as if, in them, they had a kind of... signal.

Breitkopf: (to the BAU via phone) I regret to inform you that Rebecca's name should be moved to a new list.

Breitkopf: (to the phone, in a calling voice) Jason...

Gideon: You son of a bitch. I swear to you, I will find you, and I will stop you.

Breitkopf: Shhhh, Jason. I chose the station because I know how much you love trains. I saw the toys in your apartment.

(Breitkopf hangs up)

Hotch: Frank.

Breitkopf: Agent Hotchner! We haven't had the pleasure of a... formal meeting.

Hotch: Where is Tracy Belle?

Breitkopf: Do you have something for me?

(Hotch hesitates for a moment)

Hotch: No I don't.

Breitkopf: (calmly, facing away from Hotch) Then you'll never see her again.

Breitkopf: (to Jane Hanratty) I love you.

Hanratty: I love you too.

(The two jump on the railroad tracks in spite of Gideon's protests and are killed by a passing train)


  • With his total body count of at least 176 people, Frank Breitkopf is the second of only nine unsubs in the show's history who are confirmed to have claimed hundreds of lives. The others are:
  • Breitkopf seems to have a considerable amount of knowledge with the meaning of names, saying names were a hobby of his, as revealed in "No Way Out", in which he describes Gideon's name. The name Jason is from Greek mythology, meaning "To Heal". The name Gideon is a hero in the Old Testament, who led the Israelites against the Midianites. His own name, Frank, is third-century Germanic, derived from the name of a type of spear.
  • In "The Last Word" (which aired before No Way Out), Prentiss mentions the existence of a yet-to-be-identified "I-80 Killer" targeting co-eds in Indiana. Breitkopf would search for victims while traveling along that particular highway. In that same episode, Reid mentions that it is very rare for two independent serial killers to be active within the same area.
  • In the TV series Dexter, Keith Carradine portrays FBI agent Frank Lundy, a profiler who appears in the show's second and fourth seasons. In the fourth season, he investigates the case of a serial killer who has been killing all over the U.S. for decades without his murders being connected, not unlike Breitkopf.
  • Keith Carradine also previously portrayed a serial killer in the 1983 miniseries Chiefs.
  • Though Gideon calls Breitkopf "the most prolific serial killer ever", there is evidence that other real-life serial killers have much higher kill counts than Breitkopf:
    • Harold Shipman, a.k.a. "Dr. Death", killed around 250 people and is believed to have killed many more, his victim count easily surpassing Breitkopf's.
    • Pedro López confessed to over 300 murders after a flash flood uncovered a mass grave.
    • Amelia Dyer, a 19th century serial killer, also has 247 murders attributed to her and she may have killed as many as 400.
    • Elizabeth Báthory, the Blood Countess of Hungary, is attributed with as many as 650 victims, although it is possible she may have been a victim of conspiracy and was therefore innocent.
      • Also, in-show serial killer Billy Flynn, a.k.a. The Prince of Darkness, was responsible for attacks on over 200 families (not including the victims depicted in the episodes he appeared in), killing at least one member per family.
        • The BAU didn't know Billy Flynn's murders (actually, they didn't even know Flynn) when they encountered Breitkopf, nor did Jason Gideon.
  • Breitkopf's hijacking of the school bus is likely inspired by the climactic hijacking of a school bus by serial killer "Scorpio" in the 1971 film Dirty Harry. Scorpio was based in turn on the Zodiac Killer, who threatened to attack a school bus in a letter to police.
  • The scene with a decapitated head discovered in a bag is similar to one of the final scenes in the 1995 psychological thriller movie Se7en, which involves a head in a box. In both cases, the killer enjoys teasing people about what might be in the box. Breitkopf hints to Mark Davis that the head might belong to his wife. In the movie, the head actually did belong to a police detective's wife.
  • Part of the beginning description Gideon gives for Breitkopf could be based on the popular story about the profile for the Mad Bomber, George Metesky . "Read favorably, Brussel's profile of the Mad Bomber predicted that he would be a middle-aged man, he would be a slob and he would be unmarried but probably living with women related to him who played a maternal role. Brussel also guessed that he would be wearing a double-breasted suit when he was arrested."
  • Frank Breitkopf is the second of only nine unsubs in the show's history to have successfully completed their goal. The others are: