|“||You were always special, Derek.||”|
— Buford in "Restoration"
Carl Buford was a pedophilic child molester and later serial killer who first appeared in the Season Two episode "Profiler, Profiled". He later returned and was murdered in the Season Eight episode "Restoration".
"You saying I had nothing to do with making you who you are?"
Buford previously lived in the Cabrini-Green neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois, where a street gang called the King Cobras was active. He had an apparently positive relationship with the gang that was otherwise never elaborated on, but it allowed him to use those connections to protect children in Cabrini-Green from them. Later on, he managed the Upward Youth Center, earning several awards for his work with local children. However, he was secretly a pedophile who would molest some regular visitors (it was revealed in his last appearance that he molested over 50 boys in total), among them Derek Morgan, who became close to him after his father was shot and killed by a robber. Buford was also responsible for getting Morgan's small criminal record expunged. In addition, he molested boys living in Cabrini-Green; among these boys was Rodney Harris. Buford would later let an adult Harris deal drugs near his community center in exchange for his continued silence. For his entire life up to the point of investigation, Morgan and all of the other victims kept the sexual abuse a secret. From December 1991 until 2002, Buford, for unspecified reasons, killed two boys, both of whom were never identified, and hid their bodies in secluded areas.
"Look, Derek, I never hurt you. You could have said no."
In 2006, Buford kills his third known murder victim, Damien Walters. After Walters' murder, then-Chicago Detective Stan Gordinski, who had been antagonizing Morgan for years after arresting him during a brawl, arrests him again, this time on suspicion of all three murders, using a profile submitted to him by Gideon a few months earlier as evidence. Upon hearing of Morgan's arrest, the BAU comes to Chicago to try and exonerate him. As the questioning of Morgan goes on, the team questions Buford. Upon the discovery that Morgan doesn't like talking about him, despite having been helped by him so much in the past, Hotch connects the dots and goes to the Youth Center, which Morgan has gone to after escaping his cell.
Morgan confronts Buford, who at first claims Morgan is relying on false memories and denies any guilt. After eventually admitting, since the statute of limitations meant that he can't be charged with molesting Morgan, he argues that Morgan could just have said "no". Gordinski, who has overheard the conversation, arrests Buford. When he asks Morgan for help, he simply replies "You go to hell" and watches him as he is hauled off. Years later, Morgan brought up Buford while comforting a teenage boy in Arizona who escaped from his abductor. Later, Morgan tells JJ that without Buford and what he did to him, he wouldn't have joined the BAU.
"Of all my boys, I thought you'd be the last to come back to me."
It is revealed that sometime following his arrest, Buford converted to Islam so he could fit in with the presumably large Muslim demographic inside; he went as far as changing his name to Mohammed Alam and studying Malcolm X and Islamic knowledge. When four middle-aged men are murdered with the phrase "Look up to the sky" left behind in at least two of the crime scenes, Morgan traces the connection and decides to visit Buford in jail to learn more information about the unsub. He requests a list of all of the boys Buford molested. He initially declines, but changes his mind when Morgan threatens to disclose unrevealed information about the reasons for his arrest, therefore making him a target to the other inmates. Buford writes down the names of about 50 of his molestation victims, intentionally leaving out certain names for reasons unknown. To finalize the deal, Buford has Morgan shake his hand. When he does, Buford tells him that he had been "always special" before the agent breaks off and leaves.
Eventually, the unsub, identified as one of Buford's molestation victims, Rodney Harris, whose name had been left out of the list, is apprehended. Gordinski holds a live press conference regarding Harris' motivations, and when a reporter asks if all victims of sexual assault turn out to become criminals and murderers, Morgan quickly intervenes and states that not all such victims turn out that way. Buford and several other inmates watch the press conference, and one inmate asks Buford about his pre-conversion name. He responds that he is indeed the person being mentioned in the news conference, adding that he "loved" Morgan. Sometime later off-screen, Buford is ambushed by several inmates, who kill him. Morgan learns of his death while returning home to Quantico, news that shocks him. The episode ends with Morgan standing in his new apartment and looking up at the sky.
A younger Buford reappeared for a couple of seconds in a flashback, without his face being seen, when Morgan tells his father Hank about the molestation he suffered.
Buford targeted prepubescent African-American boys. Using his influence as a community hero to do favors for them, Buford would make sure that the boys he molested would have a lot to lose if they ever told anyone. He would take some of them, including Morgan and a local kid named James Barfield, up to his private cabin. There, he would give them Helgeson wine to intoxicate them, go skinny-dipping in a lake with them, eventually rubbing up against them and then finally molesting them. He would say "You better man up boy, look up to the sky" when he felt like they wanted him to stop. He molested some of the boys, including Morgan and Rodney Harris, more than the others.
Buford later killed three of his victims and did so by strangling them with his bare hands, later placing their bodies in some secluded area. His exact reason for killing them is not specified, with the exception of Walters' murder, which was intended to stop him from telling Morgan that Buford was molesting Barfield, and to frame Morgan for all three murders. One possibility is that he molested them and killed them in order to silence them since he couldn't coerce them like the others.
Based on the first two murders, the unsub is an African-American male aged 25-35 years old with knowledge of the area and likely a criminal record. He is considered non-threatening to children, either because they know him well or he is normal enough not to scare them. The way the first victim's body was placed gently on a mattress instead of just being thrown on the ground suggests feelings of guilt within the killer, meaning he will probably revisit the scene of the crime or even the grave of the victim himself. The killer would probably try to inject himself into the investigation and keep tabs on it.
Buford was able to inject himself into the investigation thanks to his friendly relationship with Detective Stan Gordinski, who had known him since he was a beat cop. Buford's status as a local hero and youth mentor, in addition to his friendship with Gordinski, also allowed him to evade suspicion and even manipulate the investigation.
First and foremost, Buford is considered a pedophile over a serial killer. The motivation for his crimes was to molest vulnerable and at-risk boys. His reasoning for killing, as aforementioned, is unknown, though it could be as means to silence them.
Buford appears to have been heavily based on Michael J. O'Hara, the man who molested former FBI agent James T. Clemente (who co-wrote "Restoration") - Both were pedophiles who ran some sort of youth facility (a summer camp in O'Hara's case, a youth-focused community center in Buford's), exploited their jobs to gain access to young boys, were active in the 1980s, plied their victims with alcohol before molesting them, one of their victims would grow up to become an FBI agent, and said agent confronted them years later and got them to confess to their crimes and give them a list of several dozen victim names, which led to their arrests.
Buford may have also been inspired by Anatoly Slivko - Both were pedophilic serial killers and preferential sex offenders who targeted young boys, molested dozens of victims, lured their victims to locations where they would molest them, made sure that they never discussed their activities with anyone else, were involved in murder investigations (Buford was involved in the investigation of his own murders. while Slivko was investigated for the murders being committed by Andrei Chikatilo), killed their murder victims by asphyxiation, got away with his crimes for decades before finally being apprehended, and both died while incarcerated (though Slivko was executed while Buford was murdered in prison).
Buford's murders are also similar to the Atlanta Child Murders - Both were a series of murders of African-American boys (though later victims in the Atlanta killings also included young men as old as 28) whose causes of death included asphyxiation (though this was only one of the ways the Atlanta victims died), and had some sexual element in their crimes (Buford was a pedophile, while many of the Atlanta murders are believed to have been sexually motivated).
- Two episodes before "Profiler, Profiled" appear to foreshadow Buford:
- Season One
- Season Two
- Season Two
- Season Three
- "Lucky" (referenced)
- Season Seven
- "Foundation" (mentioned)
- Season Eight
- Season Ten
- "The Boys of Sudworth Place" (mentioned)
- Season Eleven
- "Derek" (uncredited; via flashbacks; face unseen)
- Season Thirteen
- "Lucky Strikes" (indirectly referenced)
- His name is identical to that of another victim. This could be meant to be a coincidence, since there are so many victims on Carl's list.
- The "second" John Tifford.